Do I Need Earthquake Insurance?
The most intimidating thing about natural disasters is that you don't know when they will happen. This fact is precisely the reason why you need to be prepared in case they strike since such incidents in a minute could destroy what you've been building for a whole life. Therefore, let's talk about earthquake insurance.
Not every state or zone is equally prone to earthquakes, but either way, such a catastrophe can cause severe consequences to people’s homes, property, belongings, and most importantly, their lives.When something like that happens, people are not sure what their next step is, especially if they need to find another place to live due to repairments that must be done on their homes. The costs of food, moving and repairment can be extremely high, and even property insurance can’t help you – in order to repair all the damage caused by an earthquake, you must be insured with earthquake coverage about which you’re going to learn now.
What is Earthquake Insurance?
You can include earthquake coverage to your insurance policy if you want to protect yourself from paying for the damage caused by the earthquake.Since neither homeowners nor property insurance includes the financial compensation in case of earthquake or flood, such policies need to be purchased separately, which opens the debate on the topic Is earthquake insurance worth it? As every debate, both sides have some valuable and persuasive arguments to prove they're right. The same is with earthquake coverage.
The truth is that people don't like to waste money on something optional, especially if there's a little chance that they'll need it. That's entirely reasonable, especially if the product or service is costly.On the other hand, purchasing earthquake insurance can actually save you from paying a lot of money out of your pocket. Even though people usually think that such catastrophes won’t happen to them, it’s never bad to get insured. In most states, insurers are obliged to offer you a coverage that will protect you from earthquake costs, and it’s up to you whether you’re going to take it or not.
What Is Covered With Earthquake Policy?
As mentioned, this type of insurance will cover the damages caused by the earthquake, including:
- Repairs – All the repairs that need to be done on your home and attached structures, including a garage.
- Belongings – If your TV, computer, furniture or clothes get damaged, the policy will recompensate the costs of replacement.
- Additional living expenses – This part of the policy is vital since the costs of hotel and food will be covered in case you need to leave your home due to repairments.
Since the principal goal of the earthquake insurance is to help you put a roof back over your head, there are certain limitations when it comes to the damages it covers. Accordingly, some things are mostly excluded from the policy, such as:
- Fire – The fire caused by an earthquake is already included in your homeowners' policy, and it won’t be reimbursed.
- Vehicle damage – To cover damage on your vehicle, you'll need to have comprehensive auto insurance.
- Floods – Floods require a separate policy that’s aimed at solving problems caused by excessive water. So, even if the flood is the consequence of the earthquake, it won’t be covered.
- Sinkholes – This type of damage also requires a separate policy which you can add to your homeowners' insurance.
- Masonry – The brick, stone, or rock that's used for your home's façade is not included in the earthquake policy.
How Much is Earthquake Insurance?
The cost of earthquake insurance depends mostly on the zone you live in. If your state is prone to earthquakes, the price will be higher, and if you’re in the lower-risk region, you can expect to pay less.California, Alaska, and Hawaii are among the 42 states that are most prone to the earthquake in the USA, and if you live in some of them, you should consider earthquake policy.
For example, in California earthquake insurance price is about $437 per month, while some states with higher risk may require you to pay even more. On the other hand, if your state is not prone to earthquakes, the price can be much lower.Apart from geographical aspects that are the most prominent factor that determines the price, there are some more things that you should consider:
- The age of your home and the number of stories (including the basement) – Newer homes are made of better materials that are more resistant to earthquakes than the older ones, which is why it’s cheaper to insure them. Also, taller houses are more prone to damaging and the policy will be more expensive for such constructions.
- Home materials – Homes with wooden frames are cheaper to insure because they are more elastic than other materials, as well as those that are built on sandy soil instead of clay or rock.
- Retrofitting – If you retrofit your home (add new technology or features to old systems), you are more likely to lower the earthquake insurance cost. All the work you do will add more stability to your home, making it less prone to serious damages.
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Should I Buy Earthquake Insurance?
As you know, this type of insurance isn’t obligatory, and the choice is up to you. Earthquakes can happen everywhere, even in the states with lower risk, but if you live somewhere where such disasters happen frequently, it’s recommended to take the policy.If we take California as an example, we'll see that that's the state where residents buy more earthquake insurance policies than residents of other countries in the USA. After the series of destructive earthquakes that affected the state of California, all insurance companies must offer earthquake coverage whenever someone’s buying a homeowners policy. Accordingly, if you live in a high-risk zone, it would be better to get the policy, and if you are not, talk to your insurer and calculate the risk and the price and see whether it is worth buying the coverage. Still, before you make your final decision, ask yourself the following questions:
- Can I afford to repair or rebuild my home if it’s completely damaged?
You should know that the costs of repairment or rebuilding can be pretty high. If you are not insured with the earthquake policy, you may face severe financial burden, and apart from paying for fixing the house, you may also need to find a new place to live, which is an additional cost.
- Can I afford to live somewhere else until while my home is uninhabitable?
An earthquake can destroy your home and make it uninhabitable and unsafe for living. When something like that happens, you need to think about the next step, which includes finding a new place, or at least a hotel.Both options can be quite expensive, especially when the earthquake hits the populated areas where the costs of lodging and housing become steep.
- Can I afford to lose all that I’ve been working hard for?
If you've furnished your home and bought the latest tech inventions and appliances, you wouldn't want that to vanish overnight.Replacing computer, TV, or any other device is a pricey investment, and that could be one more reason to purchase a separate policy – don't forget that the property insurance won't cover for the loss caused by the earthquake.
What are the Most Common Misconceptions about Earthquake Insurance Coverage?
The negative opinions about this type of coverage are mostly based on the next statements:
- The deductible is too expensive, and the policy won’t pay out
The deductible of earthquake coverage is based on a percentage of your total policy limit, which is typically about 15%. Many people find it too expensive, but the truth is that it can cost you a fortune to repair the damage with the money out-of-your pocket.
For example, your deductible may be about $75,000, while the total cost you’ll need to pay by yourself may be about $300,000. When you compare the prices, the difference is quite visible.
- The government will give me a hand
That’s not entirely false, but there are certain limitations when it comes to government assistance. Even though they’ll offer you help, they won’t be able to repay the entire cost of our damage.There is usually a long delay before receiving funds, you’ll probably need to repay that, and you shouldn’t forget about the tax implications that come together with government loans.
- The policy is too pricey
The best way to protect yourself and your assets from the quake incidents is to purchase a plan that will save you from the enormous financial loss.Nowadays, many insurance agencies offer quite flexible and affordable plans that are suitable for everyone, which is an extra benefit of this coverage.
- My home is new, and there is no risk of damages